Kronans coins

During the excavation seasons of 1982-1983 a find consisting of 255 gold ducats was excavated from the wreck of Kronan. It turned out to be the largest ever found in Sweden. The ducats were found among silver and copper coins, navigational instruments, a broken glass bottle and a gold ring. The minting dates of the coins varies from the late 15th century to 1676, the very year that Kronan sank. Also, they were minted in various cities, for example, Cairo in Egypt, Aleppo in Syria and Gumushane in Turkey. Most however, were minted in Sweden and central Europe. The amount of gold coins is equal to about a third of an Admirals salary. It was however, unusual in the 17th century to use gold coins as a method of payment.

To understand how much the gold is worth, a normal crew member working for normal pay would have to work for 10-20 years to acquire the same amount. This is compared to one third of an admirals yearly pay. Most of the coins are ducats, introduced to Sweden in 1654. The ducats weigh up to 3.39 grams and comprise singel, dubbel and ten ducat coins 

Even more gold coins were excavated on Kronan 2005 when an area was excavated on the orlop deck. Amongst a mass of crushed material, 46 gold ducats were excavted in a single place. This indicates that they were most probably in a purse or other container together. Most of the coins come from the Netherlands and Germany and were minted between 1559 and 1675.

Silver coins

During the summer of 1989 the largest find of silver coins in Swedish waters was discovered on Kronan. In 2005, and then in 2006 coin finds have surpassed those from 1989. During 2005-2006 a total of more than 20 000 silver coins weighing ca. 60 kg were excavated. A wicker chest found in 2005 contained 6 500 coins. Of these, 6 200 are '4-öre' coins all minted during the year 1675 and bearing the coin maker Daniel Faxells monogram. Other coins originating from the chest are ca. 200 silver coins minted in Central Europe (mark and thaler from the 1620s), and a number of copper coins from the same region. The total weight of these coins was 27 kg. Also discovered in the chest were ca. 600 brass and silver buttons and clothing. Under normal conditions pay was distributed on land. However, beacause a tin plate bearing the initals of Lorentz Creutz and his wife Elsa Duvalls was found in conjunction with the coins, it suggests that they could have in fact belonged to Creutz.


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